What is Skin Lightening?
Skin lightening also called skin change of color or skin bleaching is that the method of lightening one’s colour. it’s wont to treat skin issues caused by hyper-pigmentation. in addition, skin bleaching for cosmetic functions has conjointly become very hip.
Skin Lightening to treat Hyper-pigmentation
Hormonal imbalances, acne, aging or exposure to daylight may end up in hyper-pigmentation. Hyper-pigmentation is caused by a rise in animal pigment production. this can be sometimes proven by the presence of brown or black spots and patches on the skin.
Skin lighteners are wont to curb some skin problems including:
- Post Inflammatory Hyper-pigmentation (PIH)
- Dark spots/acne scars
- Uneven skin tone
- Birth marks
- Age spots
Skin Lightening for Cosmetic functions
There has been a rise within the use of skin lighteners by ladies World Health Organization have natural dark skin. This trend has become widespread in several African, Indian and Asian countries. this can be mostly owed to the popularized ideas that lighter skin is a lot of stunning or engaging.
Statistical Reports of Skin Lightening for Cosmetic reasons:
- Countries like Nigeria and Bharat show that seventy seven and sixty one of girls severally had used skin lighteners before . (Hamman et al., 2014)
- A 2004 study according that fortieth of girls in Asian countries like China and also the Philippines had used skin lighteners for cosmetic functions (Hamman et al., 2014)
- A recent study showed that 30-70% of girls in Black Africa use lighteners (Osei et al., 2018)
- 65.6% of feminine highschool students in Gold Coast had used lightening creams (Osei et al., 2018)
This surge within the use of skin lightening creams resulted in associate degree flow of harmful compounds in beauty product. Compounds like mercury, hydroquinone and corticosteroids offer ‘faster’ however terribly harmful effects.
Is Skin Lightening Bad?
There is usually a negative stigma encompassing skin lightening. this might be owed to the adverse effects of harmful product from bleaching creams. However, skin lightening may be wont to treat a spread of hyper-pigmentation disorders. It may also be used comparatively safely for cosmetic functions
Understanding Skin Pigmentation
Melanin is that the pigment that’s answerable for the colour of human skin, eyes and hair. It conjointly protects the skin from Ultra-violet rays. animal pigment is created by melanocytes within the basal layer of the cuticle.
Exposure to ultraviolet illumination rays causes the oxidization of aminoalkanoic acid in melanocytes (Kim et al., 2016) inflicting animal pigment production. This method is principally regulated by the catalyst tyrosinase that determines the animal pigment production rate (Kim et al., 2016)
The production of animal pigment is controlled by numerous factors such as:
- Exposure to daylight
How Skin Lighteners Work
Most skin lighteners work by reducing the work of catalyst tyrosinase. This ends up in a discount within the rate production of animal pigment. This method eventually ends up in a discount of pigmentation on the skin.
Skin Lightening Methods:
- Skin Lightening Creams
- Natural Remedies and diet
- Skin change of color surgery
- Skin lightening peels